• Melahat BEKİR
  • Taha Bahadır ÜSKÜL

Received Date: 12.12.2016 Accepted Date: 01.03.2017 J Turk Spinal Surg 2017;28(2):123-128

Idiopathic scoliosis is most common during periods of rapid somativ growth. It is caused by the lateral displacement and rotation of vertebral bodies and has many effects on respiratory function. Scoliosis results in a restrictive lung disease with a multifactorial decrease in lung volumes, displaces the intrathoracic organs, impedes on the movement of ribs and affects the mechanics of the respiratory muscles. Scoliosis decreases the chest wall as well as the lung compliance and results in increased work of breathing at rest, during exercise and sleep. Pulmonary hypertension and respiratory failure may develop in severe disease. In this review the epidemiological and anatomical aspects of idiopathic scoliosis are noted, the pathophysiology and effects of idiopathic scoliosis on respiratory function are described, the pulmonary function testing including lung volumes, respiratory flow rates and airway resistance, chest wall movements, regional ventilation and perfusion studies are presented. Preoperative pulmonary function testing required, as well as the effects of various surgical approaches on respiratory function are also discussed.

Keywords: Pulmonary function, spirometry, idiopathic scoliosis